Umgang mit dem Heiland: Lebensläufe der Herrnhuter Schwestern aus Nordamerika

Table of Contents

Editorial Policy for the Collection of Lebensläufe from Eighteenth­ Century Bethlehem,  Pa

Sybilla Barbara Beck (1719-1805)

Born in Füllingen, Württemberg. Brought up Lutheran; 1738 travelled with her parents to Georgia, date of composition after 1751. Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Anna Böhler  (1740-1809)

Born in Germantown; parents had come from Herrnhut, long detailed account of the setting up of the KinderAnstalt, married at 31, although she did not really want to, married again in 1785, retired to Bethlehem, date of composition 1806.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Magdalene Beulah Brockden  (1731-1820)

African slave autobiography in German.  Born in Popo, Guinea, and was bought by Charles Brockden when she was 10 years old. Did not really want to go to Bethlehem, but Brockden said she should. Came to Bethlehem in 1743, married Andrew.  Date of composition 1745?  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Catharina Brownfield  (1716-1798)

Long, detailed, exciting autobiography, originally written in English and them translated into German; born in New York. Originally C of E. Hears about the Brethren and despite her mother’s warnings goes to Bethlehem. 1744 visit and then came to live here in Christiana Dorothea Detmers  (1730-1814)1745. Sifting period vocabulary. Kidnapped by brother away from Bethlehem. Married Brownfield in 1747. Date of composition after 1747 (I would judge 1750s). Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Martha Büninger  (1723-1812)

Born in Rhode Island, baptized Presbyterian. Indentured to a Quaker on Long Island at the age of 7 1/2. Came to Bethlehem in 1745. Composition date 1752.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Christiana Dorothea Detmers  (1730-1814)

Born in Stuttgart, Lutheran. Eldest of 11 children. Father got to know about the Brethren in 1745 in Stuttgart. Mother went into deep depression. Christiana had to take over the household.   Throws herself down the cellar steps out of fear. Goes to Herrnhaag. Date of composition, 1801.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Margarethe Edmonds  (1721-1773)

Born in New York, came to Bethlehem in 1755; partly autobiography; opened the store in Plainfield.  Date of composition, post 1755.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Johanetta Ettwein (1725-1789)

Partly autobiography, partly written by husband, Johannes Ettwein; born in Wiirttemberg, 1742 went to Marienborn at father’s dying request, married in 1746; 1754 travelled to Pennsylvania (did a lot of travelling in Europe) , her narrative breaks off after 1759 when she goes to North Carolina and leaves her two sons in Nazareth. Although the Lebenslauf breaks off at this point, (1759) her husband reports that she left memoirs of her travels with him written to her “unsichtbarer Freund”.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Anna Barbara Fenstermacher  (1709-1790)

Born in the Pfalz. Mother comes to her in 1727, when  she is supposed  to come to America and gives her advice about going to America. In 1768 she goes with her second husband to Lititz (doesn’t want to, wants to stay in Philadelphia with its worldly ways).   Date of composition, post-1768.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Sarah Grube (1727-1793)

Born in New York  City; came to Bethlehem  in 1758; interesting  and detailed Lebenslauf. Date of composition 1792.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Anna Hasse (1743-1786)

Born in London; father in the Grenadier Guards; brought up as a Presbyterian; went with husband to Jamaica in 1767; came to Bethlehem in 1771; dictated on deathbed.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Mariane Höht (1737-1772)

Born in the Pfalz;  moved  to America when a child;  family killed by Indians; made to marry an Indian; escaped and came back to Bethlehem to die.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Maria Barbara Horn  (1729-1797)

Born  in  Werthheim;  ran  away  from  home  to  Herrnhaag  in  1749;  came  to Bethlehem in 1763.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Juliana Horsfield  (1737-1809)

Born in Philadelphia;  long and detailed; date of composition post  1757.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Martha Hussey  (1719-1790)

Born in Paris; date of composition early, 1750?  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Maria Elisabeth Isles  (1756-1813)

Born in Antigua; came to Bethlehem in 1759; short biography which consists mainly of the denial of the importance of her life.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Barbara Jag  (1747-1816)

Born in Lynn  Township,  Northampton  County,  Pa;  came to Bethlehem  in 1757, written in 1812, very short autobiography with verses.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Margarethe Jungmann  (1721-1793)

Born in the Pfalz; came to America in 1726; farmed in Germantown; interesting account of Zinzendorf; detailed account of life here; important missionary; fluent in Indian languages; wonderful verses attached; date of composition, 1780s.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Catharina Krause  (1724-1807)

Born in Alsace; arrived in Bethlehem in 1752, written after 1792.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Louise Krause  (1790-1819)

Born in Bethlehem, autobiography; written after 1815.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Marie Elisabeth Kunz  (1732-1769)

Born in Pa; came to Bethlehem  1745–partly autobiographical;  sifting period vocabulary.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Eva Lanius  (1743-1801)

Born in Yorktown, Pa; came to Bethlehem in 1757; written after 1785.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Anna Maria Lawatsch (1712-1760)

Born in Carlsdorf in Moravia; written in English; interesting account of one of the most important women in Moravian Church history; written mostly in third person singular.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Maria Elizabeth Loesch   (1728-1773)

Born in Tulpehocken; lost a leg in childhood; partly autobiography; became an acolyte; teacher.  Written between 1765-70.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Maria Agnes Meyer  (1714-1795)

Born in Württemberg;  came to Bethlehem  in 1752; worked on farm, in nursery and then at the boys’  school in Nazareth.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Mary Nitschmann  (1740-1783)

Born in Philadelphia;  came to Bethlehem  in  1745; moved to Germantown  and Oley 1747-53; returned  to Bethlehem in 1753.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Susanne Nixdorf  (1708-1800)

Born in Schlesien, came to Bethlehem in 1743. Short, composed post 1778.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Johanna Christiana Parsons (1699-1773)

Born in Quedlinburg; strange feeling of fire burning her up, husband doesn’t understand her, although very nice to her.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Susanne Louise Partsch  (1722-1795)

Born  in  Wetterau;  came  to  Bethlehem  in  1743;  tales  of  Indians  and  West Indies.   Written  after  1760.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Maria Elisabeth Reitzenbach   (1738-1809)

Born in Lauffen.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Maria Agnes Roth  (1735-1805)

Born  in  Württemberg;  verses  attached,  worked  with  the  Indians,  written around 1770.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Christiana Segner  (1727-1816)

Born in Friedrichstown, Montgomery County, Pa; written in the late 1760s.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Margareth Barbara Seidner  (1714-1796)

Born in Franken;  1750 came to Bethlehem;  looked after cattle and farm.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Rosina Stoll (1727-1811)

Born in Zauchenthal, Moravia; short, completed by third party.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Anna Maria Worbass (1722-1798)

Born in Württemberg; self-written autobiography.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

Regina Zahm  (1720-1790)

Born in Ottendorf in Sachsen; 1742 came to Bethlehem; became an acolyte.  Original ms held at the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pa.

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